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Home - China Great Wall at Badaling Section
China Great Wall at Badaling Section
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Location: Yan Qing District Beijing Hours: April 16-Oct 15 (06:30-19:00) / Oct 16-April 15 (07:00-18:00) Entry fee: 45RMB Time required: 2 hours

The Great Wall of China 11:57 is the longest defensive wall in the world. It is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials. The wall starts at Shanhaiguan Pass in the east, and ends at Jiayuguan Pass in the west. The wall is snaking through HeBei Province, Tianjin municipality, Beijing municipality, Shanxi Province, Shaanxi Province, Ninxia Province and Gansu Province, generally built along the historical northern borders of ancient China, to protect the state against intrusions by various nomadic groups. According to a calculation, the China Great Wall has 8,851.8 km long, 6,259.6 km long sections are actual walls, and 359.7 km of trenches, 2,232.5 km of natural defensive barriers such as hills and rivers.
The China Great Wall was firstly constructed in the 7th century BC (the Spring and Autumn, Warring States periods), and large scale construction and reconstruction of the Great Wall happened in the Qin, Han, Sui and Ming Dynasties.
The last climax of building the Greaat Wall in Chinese history was in the Ming Dynasty. The Ming Dynasty construction was improved much based on the experience of past dynasties, so the Ming Great Wall was well designed, tightly arranged and perfect on structure. They added more castles and watchtowers to the wall, and the wall, platform and strategic passes were connected to be a solid defense system.
Badaling Great Wall in Beijing is a splendid example of the Ming Great Wall. Badaling Great Wall was built on the top of mountains on the north of Guangou Valley, it was considered as a communications center, north of Badaling is Yanqing County, to the west can get to Zhangjiakou and Datong, to east can get to Miyun County, and to south, Badaling is a last pass to Beijing city.
Badaling Great Wall is formed with the body of the wall, the strategic pass of the wall, the wall platform and beacon towers both inside and outside the wall. The subgrade of Badaling Great Wall with the average height of 7.8 meters, width of the base is 6.5 meters, and the width of the surface is 6 meters, which is wide enough for 10 people walk abreast.  The inner wall on subgrade is just one meter high, we called it parapet, the outer wall is the battlement wall, so it is as high as 2-meter, and has crenels and holes for shooting and observation.  The watch towers on the wall were used to store weapons and accommodate soldiers, soldiers even could shoot enemies from these watch towers directly.  The platforms are wide and square, they were there for soldiers to train and stand guard. Beacon towers were usually built on the summit of mountains, and most of the beacon towers are independent architectures, the beacon towers had very important martial function also, when the enemy came to attack, bonfires were lit on the beacon towers to send military information, the reinforcements could even know the number of enemy from the number of bonfires, the message was sent by many beacon towers one by one, it took a couple of hours to reach the Forbidden City, it was the most prompt way at that time.